Our approach to Automotive Security

Depending on the requirement, the approach will vary, but we recommend assessing all vehicle systems components.


Pre Engagement

This stage includes important aspects such as gathering the requirement and arranging meetings related to it while gathering information.


Secure Code Review

Security consultants look for programming flaws or security gaps in source code that threat actor could exploit. They pay special attention to the correct behaviour of implemented security measures and code, such as parsers, crypto implementations, and communication protocols, that may receive hostile input from potential hackers (e.g. for network, radio, user interface). Code reviews can also reveal errors discovered during implementation, such as incorrect input validation and storage issues (e.g. buffer overflows).


Vulnerability Assessment

The target systems are scanned for known vulnerabilities, exposures, and security gaps during a vulnerability assessment. The testers typically conduct such a scan using a database that contains all known vulnerabilities for the test object. The scanner "senses" the system by traversing this database. For instance, it scans the Unified Diagnostic Services (UDS) protocol for typical weak points such as low seed values or insufficient key calculation algorithms in the ECU environment.


Fuzzing test

Fuzzing is a powerful testing technique for determining the reliability of a system under test. Using a piece of test software called a fuzzer, a large number of atypical or invalid inputs are generated and run through the system's numerous internal states. The goal is to cause system failures, anomalies, or unauthorised information disclosures that could be used to launch a cyberattack. With a good fuzzing tool, you can cover almost all automotive-relevant protocols.


Functional security test

Functional security tests are used to ensure that the specifications for security mechanisms have been implemented correctly and completely. Additionally, proper integration on the target platform must be validated, as the latter frequently behaves differently or has additional constraints than the development system. In-vehicle environments, integration tests are frequently complex and time-consuming. When common bus protocols such as CAN are used, no direct response messages are sent on an occasion, making it difficult to determine whether the test messages were processed correctly. It is frequently necessary to generate and monitor multiple signals on multiple vehicle buses simultaneously when testing a security protocol or a gateway filter function.


Side-Channel Attacks

Side-channel attacks are a type of attack that targets components of the system's physical implementation. There are two types of side-channel attacks: passive and active. In a passive side-channel attack (alternatively called side-channel analysis), testers attempt to conclude internal data processing by examining the target system's physical characteristics (such as time behaviour, power consumption, and electromagnetic emissions). By contrast, active side-channel attacks seek to manipulate the system deliberately. A common technique is fault injection, in which testers attempt to induce processing errors in a microprocessor by briefly interrupting the power supply or injecting electromagnetic fields.


Penetration testing

The automotive security consultants interrogate the target system, including all of its components and applications, to identify and circumvent the system's defence mechanisms in the same way that a hacker would. Pen tests are typically used in the automotive industry to assess the IT security of individual ECUs, groups of ECUs, or entire vehicles. These tests reveal implementation flaws or potential errors, resulting from faulty technical implementation, third-party components, the inefficient interaction of system components, or deviations from the concept.


Report submission

Once the assessment is complete, a detailed written report outlining each observed and or exploited vulnerabilities, along with the root cause analysis and categorisation along with mitigation and confirmatory re-test certificate if the need arrives.



What really makes us stand apart is our excellent and round the clock support, making sure our clients never have to witness hurdles in the business.

What we offer

Automotive Cybersecurity Consulting

Creating a Secure Concept

OEM Cloud Security Development, Including Public Key Infrastructure

Threat Analysis & Risk Assessment

Application Penetration Testing

Secure Cloud Architecture & Design

Secure Code Review

Design, Specification & Implementation Security Review

Automotive Device Penetration Testing

Cybersecurity functional test



  • Investigating the CAN bus and possible means of attack
  • Detecting and preventing remote attacks across network services
  • Analyzing the vehicle's network links
  • Detecting unreliable data transmission channels in automobiles
  • Detecting potential denial-of-service attacks via in-car infotainment systems
  • Android Auto, Apple CarPlay, MirrorLink, and Bluetooth are all being tested during this process.
  • Assessing for possible celluar networks and threats
  • Assuring that vital subsystems such as the brakes and steering are controlled.


Automotive Security?

Nowadays, vehicles are also linked with Bluetooth devices, incorporated cellular communication and Wi-Fi for a far-flung start, locate my car, and various other applications. Automobile to set-up, automobile to automobile, automobile to cloud, and automobile to everything technology also make cars exposed to hackers.

In a world that constantly moves around the internet, there is probably not a single thing that you cannot do with the snap of a finger via the internet. In such times, the necessity to empower vehicle-to-internet communication and other remote availability has suggestively enlarged the outbreak surface of an up-to-date car.

While vehicle pentesting is still something that the automakers are trying to attain to accomplish Automotive Security, pen-testing involves recognizing and inspecting technical exposures. The goals of a hacker attack against a linked vehicle are as diverse as the approaches that can be used. Pentesting is classically used to examine discrete ECUs, numerous ECUs in a network, or even comprehensive vehicle stages. If safety gaps surprisingly appear when the vehicle is on the ground, key assessments are misused, or new attack methods arise, that’s where pentesting comes in as the saviour.



HackersEra understands the essential nature of anticipating and exposing cyber-threat scenarios originating from vehicle interfaces, remote network services, source code, in-vehicle data transfers, or communication protocols. To ensure product quality and identify weak points in the hyperconnected mobile–car–cloud ecosystem, we perform automotive security audits during the software development life cycle and penetration testing on real vehicles.